A Ground-breaking Project: Harvesting Water from Fog – Dar Si Hmad

Major Highlights:

The largest of its kleuter

Cutting-edge CloudFisher technology

Fighting the impacts of climate switch

Following a holistic treatment

Artistic Inspiration

Fog spil a research and instructing contraption

Enhanced visibility

A mountaintop fog observatory

Optimal Conditions for Harvesting Fog

Te the case of Morocco, the anticyclone of the Azores and the cold current of the Canary Islands create evaporation and pressure, resulting te stratocumulus clouds – clouds whose lower half tends towards the earth- and whose particles are utter of water. The wind shoves the clouds towards the mountains, a place cooler than the beachfront, and it is te this natural barrier where Dar Si Hmad installed its fog collection units. Thesis conditions are present ter Morocco from the Sidi Ifni region to the south of Essaouira and from Tangier into Nador. This mountain fog is exploitable and this technology is very economical for mountainous areas that are often water poor.

Ter addition, the fogwater harvesting system wij are using is an example of integrated water resource management (IWRM) which considers water resources spil integral to the ecosystem spil well spil social and economic goods. DSH’s fogwater project includes participatory water management to support interconnected uses of water for agriculture, healthy ecosystems, human consumption, and livelihoods. The fog project alleviates water-anxiety, produces potable water surpassing national health standards, and uses sun-powered pumps instead of any fossil energy. Dar Si Hmad is now preparing a project to recycle grey water for agricultural purposes.

Social Setting of the Project:

Scarce water, compromised wells, and climate change-induced droughts have destabilized traditional Amazigh communities and have created mighty burdens on marginalized women.

Traditional water-management te this region wasgoed predicated on parsimonious water use, people used to hand-dig wells and build cisterns for rainwater catchment to meet their needs. Modern technologies for finding water using drilling machines to reach water stored deep ter aquifers cause pollution, are expensive, and are unsustainable. Given the enhancing cycles of drought, the scarcity of rain, and low aquifer recharge rates, fog is an excellent, reliable, sustainable, and supplemental water resource that loosens pressure on aquifers and wells.

The communities of the region, like many other geographically similar areas, are suffering from excellent anxiety concerning the lack of water and the recurrence of droughts. Rural poor families ter Ait Baamrane live ter ecologically fragile zones where water is scarce, topsoil is eroded, and drought is on the rise. Vulnerable populations and fragile zones overlap, producing added burdens on the residents.

Women, te particular, were dedicating Three.Five hours daily to the chore of fetching water. Given the lack of rainfall (<,112 mm / year), water wasgoed a major concern for survival especially during the dry season, not only for humans, but for livestock and for the biotope te general. Ter response, many households migrated to cities, and sold their livestock. Cultural heritage and ancient practices including Tashelheet (The Amazigh language) were no longer transferred down, flora and Argan trees deteriorated because of lack of pruning and maintenance.

– The Ait Baamrane communities, especially women and youthfull chicks (Five villages, a set of 400 voortdurend residents, ter addition to the migrant population that comes ter summer),

– The local environment (flora and fauna) via enlargened water for plants and soil, and the region te general via media coverage that the project receives,

– The local associations and civil society, which were inspired by the project and with whom wij are presently organizing a transfer of skill,

– The fog itself, which is seen increasingly spil a viable source for water through research and development,

– Children who benefit from innovative training they receive at our Water Schoolgebouw,

Boutmezguida: A Decade Long Engagement

The fog-collecting nets were erected by Dar Si Hmad atop Climb on Boutmezguida , (29o12’30”N – 10o 01’30”W, 1225 m d’altitude), located ter the Ait Baamrane territory of Southwest Morocco for a specific reason. This area, on the edge of the Sahara and some 35 km from the Atlantic Ocean, is classified spil pre-Saharan, with an arid climate and low rainfall (annual average of 112 mm). Albeit its drought is endemic, its frequency and force have enhanced since the 1980s. A hot Saharan wind called the Chergui sometimes blows overheen the region and dries it even further. However, while Southwest Morocco is water-poor, abundant fog drapes the area six months of the year, for a total of 143 days. Fog collection is an ancient system used to collect clean water te regions where fog abounds that is non-invasive and ecologically friendly.

Histogram:

Ter addition to creating extensive infrastructure ter the region, pipelines, storage tanks, and controls were built so that water process moves to households ter a continuous and sustainable manner.

Major Achievements

Women actively participate and become involved and enthusiastic project volgers despite strong traditional constraints during the project launch,

Water availability permits poor farmers to keep their livestock which they previously might have sold during increasingly frequent droughts that lower the water table, driving farmers into perverse cycles of poverty,

Boys, women, and children are proud to be the custodians of this unique project and open their homes to journalists and visitors,

The project serves to stabilize the role of water ter the environment and for the population, and to inspire greater stewardship of the environment,

Delivery of fog water significantly diminished women’s laborious water-gathering chores and helps to foster stable communities, continuation of ancestral languages, and ways of living and thriving te local environments,

Water-gathering chores took up to Three.Five hours/day and often interrupted, or prevented, women from regularly attending schoolgebouw, this is now a practice of the past,

The Anthropological Dimension of Fog

Fog is not only a natural phenomenon, it is interpreted and lived by humans, who give it an identity and ascribe it with a role. The cultural ecology of the Ait Baamrane region exposes that fog, Tagut , is essentially negative: it prevents precipitation, causes humidity which rusts plowing and other equipment, wets livestock and sometimes makes passage to pastures greasy and dangerous. The fog also produces moisture, asemidd , making humans lightly fall sick and, therefore, be prey to a “cold,” potentially leading to more serious disease. Symbolically, fog denotes a state of non-clarity, confusion, and loss of visual and other references. The idea of lack of visibility causes fine discomfort both physically and culturally. Te many ways, fog is not considered to carry positive charge. Community members originally doubted that fog wasgoed a safe source of water. Through continuous community training and trust-building, residents now welcome this sustained, clean water supply. Women, who are traditional water-guardians, were hesitant to participate te managing the water system, but through user-centered vormgeving approaches, Amazigh women now manage the water system with their mobile phones to send SMS messages about its status.

With the positive results of the Boutmezguida project , eyeing with their own eyes water created from fog, women and dudes embarked to accept fog and see it spil a vital life force. For DSH this is one of the major transformations brought about by this project. Today, Tagut is valued spil a resource.

A Schrijfmap for the Future

Where there is fog, there is the possibility of harvesting it to meet human needs. While the current FogQuest net-system is valid and works well, challenges for thesis standard nets exist when the winds are strong. Infrastructure challenges include severe landscapes, searing warmth, extreme wind, and difficult access. DSH is now ready for next-generation nets that can withstand harsh conditions and increase fogwater yield. With our fucking partner Wasserstiftung (which also operates two similar projects, one te Eritrea and one te Ghana), wij tested a fresh generation of nets, CloudFisher , whose spectacle is Two times better (average of 22L / d m2) and which require very little maintenance (for example cleaning of gutters). Thesis nets are sturdier because they are backed by a hard plastic structure and can stand against winds of up to 120km / h.

What Peter Trautwein, the engineering volunteer with WasserStiftung, with funds from Munich Re, has permitted us to do since 2013 with the CloudFisher project, is to conduct a thorough and innovative pilot test that embodies the fundamental principles of sound engineering, sturdy experimental vormgeving, methodological gegevens collection, state of the kunst modeling, real scale prototyping, on webpagina implementation and fair &, thorough evaluation. Through careful programma and execution, Mr. Trautwein and his team have bot able to achieve nothing brief of a quantum leap te the functionality of fog harvesting technology. The fresh prototype not only addresses structural limitations of previous designs but has dramatically enhanced the overall potential water yield of the system through slim development of a fog netwerken system that incorporates numerous permutations of the netwerk materials themselves. Te addition to vastly improving the key aspects of the structure and nets of the system, the CloudFisher system also contains innovative components designed to improve the overall effectiveness of the system for transferring water from the nets to the collection system. While many other previous and contemporary fog nipt designs have tended to overlook elements such spil the collection troughs, cable stays, and network connections, deeming them merely incidental, Mr. Trautwein and his team have faithful a superb overeenkomst of attention to thesis areas, which has led to a substantial increase te the overall show of the system.

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